With the super-fast advancement in app development technologies, cross-platform frameworks have become the top choice among developers. The need for frameworks that can help build mobile apps on both ios and android simultaneously gave birth to React, Flutter, and other similar techs. This blog on React Native vs Flutter will bring more clarity on the key differences between the two frameworks and help you choose the right technology for your app development.
Although both the frameworks have the same use, here is the list of differences that you’ll be reading about:
- Development (React uses components, flutter uses widgets)
- Architecture (react-flux, flutter-skia)
React Native vs Flutter – Programming Language
React Native vs Flutter – Ease of Development
React Native works using components, but rather than using web components it uses the react- native or third party libraries for mobile app development. Components help you split the UI into multiple pieces, meaning you can design a particular piece without interference. Due to the lack of DOM and Markup, React Native does not use HTML and CSS but there are components that offer a similar mindset to both. Also the user interface of react native is very similar to HTML and CSS which makes it easy for development.
Flutter is more dependent on widgets and uses them as the building block. It is packed with a decent number of widgets to help smoothen the development process. Unlike react, which helps you build the app step by step using components, every property you use/change in Flutter will be done using a widget. Like loops, Flutter has nested widgets, each working inline with the properties of the parent widget.
React Native vs Flutter – Architecture
Flutter being primarily used for UI development is based on Skia C++ architecture. Google Chrome is one of the examples of apps built on a low-level Skia engine. Since Flutter works on Dart, it has all the components in-built and doesn’t need the bridge to connect with native modules.
React Native vs Flutter – Performance
Although React Native is more popular amongst the two, Flutter comparatively offers better performance. Since Flutter’s applications are compiled using the C++ libraries, all components are compiled at the same time. While in React Native the UI components are compiled first to their native counterparts and the JS runs separately and creates a bridge to communicate with libraries and native modules for any action needed.
The prolonged process of compilation in React Native, makes it lag in performance when compared to Flutter. Do note that Flutter has only been able to beat React Native because it compiles all components at the same time.
|Building Blocks||Components from libraries||Widgets|
|Apps using the technology||Facebook, Instagram, Skype, Tesla||Google ads, Xianyu by Alibaba|
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